Orchids - Types along with other Orchid Basics620435
There are tons of big numbers boating when it comes to orchid types however the answer to the issue "how many types of orquideas are there?" is actually three. Yep, three. There are epiphyte orchids, terrestrial orchids and saprophytic orchids.
Epiphyte is not an word tied to orchids: there are many epiphyte plants. It simply means that they grow attached to something, normally a tree. Epiphyte orchids are amazingly self-sufficient. Their roots absorb water after which release it slowly to the rest of the plant making it possible for the orchid to live dry periods as well as wet ones. They also do not take their nourishment from your tree on which they are residing. They have fleshy roots that reach over the bark from the tree. As time passes organic matter accumulates inside the space between their roots as well as the tree. This can be turned into nutrients for your orchid.
Terrestrial orchids grow using their roots in your yard. This is a unique trait because soil is extremely damaging to many orchids which is quite attractive for all those wanting an "orchid garden".
As with most areas of life, there are exceptions. Orchids can be "semi-terrestrial" meaning they do grow in the ground but have aerial roots as well.
You will not hear much about saprophytic orchids in the horticulture community. Many people, especially novice gardeners have no idea they exist simply because there are very few, they are challenging to grow in most cases are not very attractive. The trait that sets them apart is because they live off of decayed vegetation.
Genera, Species, and Hybrids
While all orchids fall under one of the above categories, horticulturists have further classified these plants into genera and species. A genus (the singular of genera) can be a natural grouping of closely related yet distinct species. This may also determine an orchid's name. The very first word inside the name of your type of orchid is always its genus. For instance, one absolutely gorgeous orchid is commonly known as the "Pink Butterfly" orchid nevertheless its official name is Phalaenopsis schilleriana. Phalaenopsis is the name with the genus. There are 600 genera of orchids. Within this example, schilleriana is the name with the species. You can find between 25,000 and 30,000 distinct species currently known.
Hybrid is, of course a common word indicating (inside the instance of orchids) an offspring of two "parents" from various species or genera. It isn't common for orchids from two different genera to unite nevertheless it does happen. Naturally, when orchids from two different species unite they often times produce a superior offspring. This really is, of course, section of the natural process as these plants are constantly working to maintain their survival; producing stronger root systems and flowers a lot more attractive to the pollinators they want.
Hybrids do, needless to say, happen in a domestic capacity as gardeners and horticulturists strive for an even more beautiful specimen. There are currently over 100,000 known orchid hybrids.
Varieties of Orchids
We've covered the technical aspect but the fun part is discussing the types of orchids, their colors, shapes and, (i think, most interesting) smell. The colours seem to be limitless. Each species can have a wide range of single or multi-colored flowers. The shapes tend to be quite distinct. Each genus features its own, unique characteristics but some are more easily recognized. For instance, there is an orchid shaped just like a star. You've got two little petals on top resembling donkey ears and it is commonly known as the "donkey orchid". One orchid appears like spiders. Other great tales.
Orchid smell is how it gets important. Did you know some orchids only emit a scent through the night? Some don't emit any whatsoever. Some smell of heaven. Some don't. Seriously, though, there are a few orchids very well known for their terrible smell. Alternatively there are some who have a wonderful floral smell, some that smell of chocolate or cinnamon, even the one that smells like gumballs.