Orchids - Types along with other Orchid Basics6497023
There are plenty of big numbers floating around when it comes to orchid types but the answer to the question "how many types of orquideas exist?" is in fact three. Yep, three. You can find epiphyte orchids, terrestrial orchids and saprophytic orchids.
Epiphyte is not a word tied to orchids: there are many epiphyte plants. It just means that they grow attached to something, normally a tree. Epiphyte orchids are amazingly self-sufficient. Their roots absorb water and then release it slowly for the rest of the plant allowing for the orchid to live dry periods as well as wet ones. Additionally they do not take their nourishment in the tree where they are residing. They've got fleshy roots that reach over the bark with the tree. With time organic matter accumulates within the space between their roots as well as the tree. This can be turned into nutrients for the orchid.
Terrestrial orchids grow making use of their roots in your yard. This is a unique trait because soil is quite damaging to many orchids and it is quite attractive for those wanting an "orchid garden".
As in most fields, there are exceptions. Orchids may be "semi-terrestrial" meaning they are doing grow in the ground but have aerial roots also.
You may not hear much about saprophytic orchids in the horticulture community. Many people, especially novice gardeners have no idea they exist due to the fact there are not many, they are difficult to grow and usually are not very attractive. The trait that sets them apart is because they live from decayed vegetation.
Genera, Species, and Hybrids
While all orchids fall into one of the above categories, horticulturists have further classified these plants into genera and species. A genus (the singular of genera) is a natural grouping of closely related yet distinct species. This will also determine an orchid's name. The initial word within the name of a type of orchid is definitely its genus. For instance, one absolutely gorgeous orchid is commonly known as the "Pink Butterfly" orchid however its official name is Phalaenopsis schilleriana. Phalaenopsis will be the name of the genus. There are 600 genera of orchids. On this example, schilleriana is the name with the species. You will find between 25,000 and 30,000 distinct species currently known.
Hybrid is, obviously a common word indicating (in the instance of orchids) an offspring of two "parents" from various species or genera. It's not common for orchids from two different genera to unite but it does happen. Anyway, when orchids from two different species unite they frequently produce a superior offspring. This really is, of course, part of the natural process because these plants are constantly working to maintain their survival; producing stronger root systems and flowers even more attractive to the pollinators they want.
Hybrids do, of course, happen in a domestic capacity as gardeners and horticulturists target an even more beautiful specimen. There are over 100,000 known orchid hybrids.
Varieties of Orchids
We've covered the technical aspect but the fun part is discussing the kinds of orchids, their colors, shapes and, (i think, most interesting) smell. The colors seem to be limitless. Each species may have a wide range of single or multi-colored flowers. The shapes tend to be quite distinct. Each genus possesses its own, unique characteristics but some are more easily recognized. For instance, there is an orchid shaped similar to a star. One has two little petals at the top resembling donkey ears and it is commonly known as the "donkey orchid". One orchid looks like spiders. The list goes on.
Orchid smell is when it gets really interesting. Did you know some orchids only give off a scent during the night? Some don't give off any at all. Some smell of heaven. Some don't. Seriously, though, there are several orchids perfectly known for their terrible smell. Alternatively there are some who have a wonderful floral smell, some that odor of chocolate or cinnamon, even one which smells like gumballs.