Orchids - Types and Other Orchid Basics4479980
There are tons of big numbers floating around when it comes to orchid types however the answer to the issue "how many types of orquideas exist?" is actually three. Yep, three. You will find epiphyte orchids, terrestrial orchids and saprophytic orchids.
Epiphyte is not a word tied to orchids: there are numerous epiphyte plants. It simply means that they grow attached to something, often a tree. Epiphyte orchids are amazingly self-sufficient. Their roots absorb water then release it slowly for the rest of the plant allowing the orchid to live dry periods as well as wet ones. They also do not take their nourishment from your tree where they are residing. They've got fleshy roots that stretch over the bark from the tree. Over time organic matter accumulates inside the space between their roots and also the tree. This is turned into nutrients for your orchid.
Terrestrial orchids grow using their roots in your yard. This is a unique trait because soil is extremely damaging to most orchids which is quite attractive for all those wanting an "orchid garden".
As in most areas of life, there are exceptions. Orchids could be "semi-terrestrial" meaning they actually do grow in the earth but have aerial roots as well.
You may not hear much about saprophytic orchids in the horticulture community. Many people, especially novice gardeners don't know they exist simply because there are not many, they are challenging to grow in most cases are not very attractive. The trait that sets them apart is they live off of decayed vegetation.
Genera, Species, and Hybrids
While all orchids fall into one of the above categories, horticulturists have further classified these plants into genera and species. A genus (the singular of genera) is a natural grouping of closely related yet distinct species. This can also determine an orchid's name. The first word in the name of your type of orchid is always its genus. As an example, one absolutely gorgeous orchid is usually known as the "Pink Butterfly" orchid nevertheless its official name is Phalaenopsis schilleriana. Phalaenopsis is the name from the genus. There are 600 genera of orchids. Within this example, schilleriana is the name with the species. You can find between 25,000 and 30,000 distinct species currently known.
Hybrid is, of course a common word indicating (within the instance of orchids) an offspring of two "parents" from various species or genera. It's not common for orchids from two different genera to unite however it does happen. Anyway, when orchids from two different species unite they frequently produce a superior offspring. This really is, of course, section of the natural process since these plants are constantly attempting to maintain their survival; producing stronger root systems and flowers a lot more attractive to the pollinators they want.
Hybrids do, obviously, happen in a domestic capacity as gardeners and horticulturists target an even more beautiful specimen. There are over 100,000 known orchid hybrids.
Varieties of Orchids
We've covered the technical side of things but the fun part is discussing the kinds of orchids, their colors, shapes and, (in my opinion, most interesting) smell. The shades seem to be limitless. Each species can have a wide range of single or multi-colored flowers. The shapes in many cases are quite distinct. Each genus has its own, unique characteristics however some are more easily recognized. As an example, there is an orchid shaped much like a star. One has two little petals on top resembling donkey ears and it is commonly referred to as "donkey orchid". One orchid appears like spiders. Other great tales.
Orchid smell is how it gets interesting. Did you know some orchids only produce a scent through the night? Some don't give off any in any way. Some give an impression of heaven. Some don't. Seriously, though, there are several orchids very well known for their horrible smell. On the other hand there are some that have a wonderful floral smell, some that odor of chocolate or cinnamon, even the one that smells like gumballs.